About Diabetes

At Southeast Diabetes Center, we are committed to diabetes education. Being well-informed about the condition may help you prevent developing diabetes.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. It affects people of all ages. Risk factors for diabetes are both hereditary and lifestyle-related.

Risk Factors for Diabetes

  • Overweight
  • Smoking
  • Family history
  • Inactivity
  • Ethnicity (African-American, Native American, Hispanic, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander)
  • Diabetes in pregnancy
  • High blood pressure, elevated cholesterol or heart disease

Symptoms of Diabetes

  • Fatigue
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased thirst
  • Blurred vision
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Frequent infections
  • Poor wound healing
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Numbness and tingling in hands, legs or feet

Types of Diabetes

  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Gestational diabetes

What is Prediabetes?

In prediabetes, blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be defined as diabetes. However, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, many people with prediabetes develop type 2 diabetes within 10 years. Prediabetes also increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. With modest weight loss and moderate physical activity, people with prediabetes can delay or prevent type 2 diabetes.